According to a study published on Monday, the toe bone of a prehistoric deer, carved with lines by Neanderthals 51,000 years ago, is one of the oldest works of art ever discovered. This discovery further proves that Neanderthals, that is, Neanderthals, can express the symbolic meaning of art, which was once attributed only to our own species, Homo sapiens.
The bone was unearthed in a cave in the Harz Mountains in central Germany, which is located about 150 miles southwest of Berlin. The front is carved with overlapping V-shaped and inverted V-shaped lines, which seem to point upward, and the archaeologists also found a smaller cut on the lower edge, which seems to be the base. He said that this bone was unearthed along with a deer shoulder blade and a complete cave bear skull. These rare items may indicate that the suit has ritual significance. Radiocarbon dating has determined that this bone is 51,000 years old, which is older than any other bone. Comparable works of art attributed to Neanderthals.
Archaeologists have also discovered ancient eagle claws used as pendants by Neanderthals, and possibly older cave paintings in Spain; its date is disputed. Taberg said: “In this case, we have a reliable date object for the first time.” Einhornhöhle-or “unicorn cave”-the unearthed carved bones have been famous since at least the 16th century; it is now a tourist attraction. Its name comes from the fossil bones found there, and it is said to come from unicorns, which were once ground into medicinal materials.
Excavations since the 1980s have shown that the cave has been inhabited by Neanderthals for successive generations for at least some time. 130,000 years to about 47,000. Ryder said that later Homo sapiens also lived in this cave, but much later, which was about 12,000 years ago. He said that the earliest evidence of Homo sapiens in Southeast Europe came from about 45,000 years ago, and it is believed that they did not arrive in Central Europe until at least 10,000 years. Archaeologists can only guess the meaning of these carvings. -If they have any meaning. “It’s very unique,” Ryder said.
“We didn’t see it in Paleolithic literature. Microscopic analysis of the bone showed that the carving was deep, which indicated that it was boiled and softened before the carving started. It is also rare for the prehistoric deer species that came from its bones. He said that the area at the time was very large, which may indicate that this artwork has a special significance. This discovery further proves that Neanderthals are not only stupid cavemen that scientists once thought, but also It has artistic or symbolic significance.
Bruce Hardy, a professor of anthropology at Kenyon University in Ohio, said that this expression was once considered unique to Homo sapiens and he did not participate in the latest research. It is likely that many Neanderthals Special people’s artworks are all carved out of wood, a medium that is easier to use than stone or bones, which disappeared for thousands of years after many times, he said. He said that there is more and more evidence
It shows that Neanderthals and later Homo sapiens have symbolic artistic expressions, which shows that the human species as the ancestors of the two are also artistic. Con is particularly interesting, he said. His own research focuses on Neanderthals The use of fire is also seen as proof of their ability to use relatively advanced technology.